By
David Dombrowsky

Order Flow Analysis: How to Use Order Flow in Forex Trading

Published on
March 6, 2023

Traders conduct technical and fundamental analysis to understand price action and predict the direction price is likely to move. Technical analysis entails the use of indicators to try and understand market momentum. On the other hand, fundamental analysis is the study of economic data to try and understand price action. While the two are commonly used analysis, they fail to explain why price behaves a certain way at key price levels. Order flow analysis provides reliable information on traders’ key price-level actions.


What is Order Flow

Order Flow refers to the number of market orders waiting to be executed at a given price point. Traders tend to place pending orders waiting to be executed at support and resistance levels. For instance, whenever the price rises, it means more buyers than sellers place buy orders, thus pushing prices up.

However, after a significant move up, the upward momentum tends to fade as buyers become wary and start locking in profits as the price approaches a fundamental resistance level. As buyers plan to exit the market, sellers use the opportunity to place sell positions at the resistance level in anticipation of getting rejected and moving downwards. Selling order flow at the resistance level amounts to an influx of bearish pressure.

Order flow chart analysis is a special kind of analysis whereby traders predict with relatively decent accuracy where most traders are placing opposite trades. It is also referred to as supply and demand analysis, which involves finding areas of imbalance in order flow charts.

It involves looking at where there was an intense battle between buyers and sellers in the past. Looking at big moves in the price order flow charts is the easiest way to spot areas of extreme order flow activity with the naked eye. Additionally, traders also rely on order flow indicators to get insight into what is happening in the market.

If the price is moving up, order flow chart analysis will pinpoint a level where short sellers plan to enter the market. This will trigger more selling activity, pushing prices lower. Likewise, if the price moves downward, the analysis will detail a level where buyers increasingly place buy positions in anticipation of the price bouncing back.

The Importance of Order Flow Analysis

Therefore, trading with order flow indicators can help predict where counter orders await at a future price level with a good amount of certainty. Consequently, it makes it easy to predict with some precision and confidence potential areas of price reversals.

In the financial markets, primarily in trading stocks, commodities, and futures markets, order flow charts pinpoint areas of order accumulation. It’s easy to determine such orders using volume order flow indicators, given the centralized nature of the market through which all orders pass.

On the other hand, the situation in the forex market is different, given the decentralized nature of the market. There is no reliable volume data that one can use to understand order flow in forex. In forex, it is completely different as no single broker tabulates all the orders following a given currency pair. The orders are distributed to a vast number of banks dealing with each other.


Order Flow in Forex

Nevertheless, it is still possible to understand order flow in forex with the help of previous price action activities. While volume order flow indicators don’t provide the true quantities of orders flowing into a currency pair, they provide reliable tick counts, which represent the number of trades flowing into specific brokers and not the entire forex market.

In forex, order flow charts are accumulated through tick counts. The tick count represents the number of traders placing trades at a given price level.


Order Flow in Forex

Source: The5ers.com


The GBPUSD order flow chart above clearly showed that GBPUSD was in a downtrend, making lower lows. After a significant move lower, the tick count starts building up, signals more traders are entering the market. Price bouncing with the formation of a double bottom signaled more buyers than sellers at the bottom of the chart compared to sellers who initially pushed prices lower.

As the price bounced back, the tick count increased, confirming more buyers in the market.

How to use Order Flow in Trading?

Understanding order flow is one of the easiest ways of gaining an edge in the market. Mastering how to read order flow also makes it easy to understand areas where strong price movements are likely to occur. Therefore, it becomes easier to buy at a very cheap price and sell at the highest and most expensive level.


How to Trade Order Flow: Buy Opportunity?

The order flow charts below show the Gold spot trending lower in the initial phase. However, upon price tanking to the $1685 level, short sellers come under pressure as buyers flock to the market and try to buy at the new lows. The $1685 level emerges as a key support or demand area, below which selling order flow is not in play.

Price tried plugging below the $1685 level but to no avail. What this means is that the $1685 mark is a crucial order flow level implying buyers are increasingly placing buy positions whenever the price nears this level.


How to Trade Order Flow: Gold Spot Buying Level

Source: Tradingview.com


While the price did bounce back significantly from the order flow imbalance level, selling order flow flocked to the market and pushed the price to around August 6. Going by what happened in the past, it is clear that the $1685 level is a key support level below which selling order flow does not materialize to push prices lower.

Additionally, it appears the $1685 level is a key area of interest whereby buyers place buy orders in anticipation of the price bouncing back after touching this level. After August 6, it is clear that the price did bounce back as bulls overpowered the selling order flow by placing more buy orders. Therefore, traders looking to profit from order flow analysis could have placed a buy order at this level in anticipation of the price rallying afterward.

In addition to placing a buy order, it is crucial to put a stop loss order a few pips below the order flow imbalance level. The stop loss order will close the position and prevent significant losses if the price reverses course and moves below the critical support level.

How to Trade Order Flow: Sell Opportunity?

The Ethereum order flow charts below show a key area of order flow imbalance. It is clear that bulls lost momentum whenever the price rose near the 1280 level and struggled to push the price up. However, it is also clear that sellers used this opportunity to place selling order flow to push prices lower.


How to Trade Order Flow: ETH Sell Zone

Source: Tradingview.com 


Consequently, the $1280 is a crucial order flow or area of solid resistance for bulls. Price action order flow at this level affirms a fundamental level of profiting from price edging lower afterward. Any trader who placed a sell position at this level ended up raking in significant pips on the price retreating and edging lower.

A stop-loss order can also be placed a few pips above the order flow imbalance level. The stop loss order will close the sell position and avert the risk of incurring significant losses. Its happend if the price bounces back and powers through the order flow imbalance level.


Order Flow Trading Strategy: Trading with Limit Orders

One of the best order flow trading strategies entails trading with limited orders. Limit orders allow one to place buy or sell orders in advance, triggering a position once the price corrects to a key area of order flow imbalance.


Order Flow: Buy Limit Order

A buy limit order is a market order that allows one to open a buy position on price. It is plunging to a key support area or an area of order flow imbalance. It is an ideal market order for a trader who wants to decide on the minimum price they wish to open a buy position.


Order Flow: Buy Limit Order

Source: Tradingview.com 


The use of the order flow indicator in the BTCUSD chart above shows price action in a range. It tends to bounce back as soon as the price tanks to the $1800 level. We can deduce that there is an influx of buy order flow at this level. Whereby buyers are increasingly placing buy positions and looking to push prices higher.

Consequently, a trader can place a buy limit order at the $18100 level. Which will trigger as soon as the price tanks to this level. The Buy limit order will allow one to go long on buyers pushing the price high above this level. A stop-loss order can also be placed a few pips below the order flow imbalance zone.


Order Flow: Sell Limit Order

The sell limit order flow order allows one to place a selling order flow that only triggers on price rising to this level. The sell limit order is placed at an area of order flow imbalance. It believed to be a level of strong resistance going by previous price action. Whereby bulls struggled to push the price higher.


Sell Limit Order Flow

Source: Tradingview.com 


The Crude oil order flow charts above show that the $106 level is a price level with significant price action activity. Bulls have struggled to push prices high above this level in the past. Consequently, the previous order flow imbalance between buyers and sellers is an area of interest.

Given that crude oil is trending up, it is clear that the underlying trend is bearish. Consequently, the likelihood of the price getting rejected above the $106 level is high. Therefore, one can place a sell limit order in anticipation of the price reversing course and edging lower after rising to this level.


Bottom Line

Order flow chart analysis offers a reliable way of studying critical areas in order flow charts where ideal trading opportunities are likely to crop up. Therefore, analysis helps avert the risk of placing random trades. Instead, the focus is placed on areas of order flow imbalance where there is an intense tussle between buyers and people placing selling order flow.

While trading using order flow charts, it is essential to know how to detect key supply and demand areas. Or support and resistance levels. At this level, an imbalance in order flow occurs, resulting in the price moving in the opposite direction. The use of the sell and buy limit makes it easy to place trades in advance after detecting areas where the price is likely to reverse course and move in the opposite direction following an order flow imbalance.


Ready to get funded?
Check out FX2 Funding's selection of the industry's simplest, most straightforward funded account programs.
Get Funded
Pass the prop firm evaluation
Want insider secrets that most prop firms don’t want you to know?
Learn More
Related Articles
June 4, 2024
Unraveling the Pros and Cons of Forex Trading

Everything you need to know before investing in FX Forex trading—the exchange of one currency for another—is a dynamic domain that beckons traders with the promise of financial gains and significant opportunities. However, just like any investment, forex trading has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Whether you're contemplating a career in forex or […]

June 1, 2024
Trading Psychology Tips for Consistent Success

Master Self-Trust and Resilient Behavior Introduction Trading in the financial markets is not just about strategies and market analysis; it's equally about the psychological resilience and decision-making capabilities of the trader. Trading psychology plays a pivotal role in a trader’s ability to make consistent and rational decisions. Understanding and managing the psychological aspects of trading […]

May 29, 2024
The Most Traded Forex Pairs: Unveiling the Major Currency Pairs

In the vast and dynamic world of Forex trading, understanding the most traded currency pairs is essential for both novice and seasoned traders. These pairs are a cornerstone of the global currency market, offering the highest liquidity and the best opportunities for speculation and hedging. Traders gravitate towards these pairs because they represent economies with […]

May 27, 2024
Fundamentals of Risk Management: How to Best Protect Your Trading Capital

What Are the 5 Rules of Risk Management? Effective risk management is essential for successful trading, and adhering to core principles helps safeguard your investments. These rules are foundational in creating a disciplined trading strategy: What Is the 1% Rule in Trading? The 1% rule is a risk management strategy that suggests not risking more […]

May 21, 2024
Understanding Market Cycles: How to Recognize Trends and Reversals

In the financial world, understanding market cycles and their phases is crucial for investors aiming to optimize their strategies according to market dynamics. This guide will explore the nature of market cycles, their duration, stages, and how to identify and respond to various trends and reversals. What is the Cycle of the Market System? Market […]

May 12, 2024
What You Should Know About Currency Correlation

Read about positive and negative currency correlation. Check out the pairs trading strategy and the Forex correlation hedging strategy on the FX2 Blog.

April 29, 2024
Wyckoff Trading Method Explained: Step-by-Step Guide

Learn the four phases of Wyckoff theory. Wyckoff trading price movements. How to use Wyckoff’s method? Wyckoff trading strategy on the FX2 Blog.

April 25, 2024
Can You Day Trade For a Living With $1,000?

Day trading with $1000: how to start day trading with 1000 dollars, tips on how not to lose, and how much can you make. Strategy for small day traders on the FX2 Blog.

April 22, 2024
Getting Started with cTrader

Your Guide to the Market Profile Tool on the World’s Most Robust Trading Platform cTrader is a powerful trading platform known for its intuitive interface, advanced charting tools, and robust algorithmic trading capabilities. It's particularly popular among forex traders who prefer an alternative to the more common MetaTrader platforms. This guide will introduce the essentials […]

April 18, 2024
The Top Skills You Need To Trade Profitably

Elevate Your Trading Game With These Easy-to-learn Skills In the dynamic world of trading, success hinges on your ability to interpret and act on market information. This section delves into the foundational skills of research and analysis, equipping you with the tools to make informed trading decisions. Practical Trading Skills: Research and Analysis Successful trading […]

April 15, 2024
What is a Funded Trading Account

Unlocking Money Making Opportunities for Aspiring Traders Funded trading accounts offer a unique avenue for aspiring traders to enter the markets with significant capital without the associated risks of using their own funds. These accounts are particularly appealing in environments like forex and cryptocurrency trading, where capital requirements can be prohibitive for individual investors. Understanding […]

April 11, 2024
Don’t Fall into the Trading Psychology Trap

Avoiding the Most Common Pitfalls that Trip Up Traders Trading in financial markets, whether it’s stocks, forex, or cryptocurrencies, is not only about crunching numbers and analyzing charts but also about managing your mindset. The psychological aspect of trading is a critical factor that can significantly influence your success or failure. Understanding how emotions and […]

1 2 3
FX2 LLC.
Registry #2694 LLC 2022   |   The Financial Services Centre, Stoney Ground, Kingstown, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram